“What is important for citizens to know and be able to do?” That is the question that underlies the triennial survey of 15-year-old students around the world known as the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA). PISA assesses the extent to which students near the end of compulsory education have acquired key knowledge and skills that are essential for full participation in modern societies. Since 2000, PISA has been testing students worldwide in the key subjects: reading, mathematics and science. The assessment also collects information on students’ backgrounds and on how their schools are managed in an effort to identify the factors that influence student performance. PISA also regularly introduces new tests to assess students’ skills in other areas relevant to modern life, such as creative problem solving and financial literacy (tested for the first time in 2012) and collaborative problem solving (testing will begin in 2015).
Participants of the OECD Programme for International Student Assessment Albania Latvia Algeria Lebanon Argentina Liechtenstein Australia Lithuania Austria Luxembourg Azerbaijan Macedonia (Former Yugoslav Republic of) Belgium Malaysia Brazil Malta Bulgaria Mauritius Canada Mexico Chile Moldova China (People’s Republic of) Montenegro Hong Kong Netherlands Macao New Zealand Shanghai Norway Colombia Panama Costa Rica Peru Croatia Poland Czech Republic Portugal Denmark Qatar Dominican Republic Romania Estonia Russian Federation Finland Serbia France Singapore Georgia Slovak Republic Germany Slovenia Greece Spain Hungary Sweden Iceland Switzerland India- Himachal Pradesh and Tamil Nadu. Chinese Taipei Thailand Trinidad and Tobago Indonesia Tunisia Ireland Turkey Israel United Arab Emirates Italy United Kingdom Japan United States Jordan Uruguay Kazakhstan Venezuela Korea Miranda Kosovo Vietnam Kyrgyz Republic